TRAINING AND EMPLOYMENT
NOTICE

NO.

5-03

DATE:

September 4, 2003

 

TO

:

ALL STATE WORKFORCE AGENCIES
ALL STATE WORKFORCE LIAISONS

 

FROM

:

EMILY STOVER DeROCCO
Assistant Secretary

 

SUBJECT

:

Comparison of WIA and JTPA Exiters and Trainees

  1. Purpose. To inform the workforce investment system of observed differences in the counts of individuals who received training under the Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA) and Title I of the Workforce Investment Act (WIA.)

  2. Background. The Employment and Training Administration recently compared information on the number of exiters [1] and the number of exiters who received training for Program Years 2000 and 2001 under Title I of WIA with information on exiters under WIA's predecessor, the JTPA. Information on WIA was obtained from the Workforce Investment Act Standardized Record Data (WIASRD); information on JTPA was obtained from the Standardized Program Information Reporting (SPIR) data. This and other reports and analyses of WIA performance and results can be seen on the Internet at http://www.doleta.gov/usworkforce/performance/.

  3. Service Levels for Adults. The chart below shows trends in the number of adult exiters and trainees from PY 1998, the last year in which all states operated JTPA, to PY 2001. [2] The JTPA data include both Title II-A and the Section 204(d) older worker program. The data in the chart assume that adults who did not receive training under JTPA received other services comparable to intensive services under WIA. The JTPA data do not include individuals who received only objective assessments, because these individuals did not receive services intended to help them get a job or increase their skills. The WIA data do not include individuals who received only core services categorized as self-service or informational because they are not registered in WIA.

    chart shows Adult Exiters and Trainers for Job Training Partnership Act for Program Year 1998 and Title I of the Workforce Investment Act for Program Years 2000 and 2001

      JTPA PY 1998 WIA PY 2000 WIA PY 2001
    Total Exiters 163,223 112,151 172,366
    Core Services Only   20,300 36,918
    Intensive Services 18,091 37,884 59,485
    Training 145,132 53,967 75,963

    The data in the chart show:

    In summary, the data show that after experiencing start-up problems in PY 2000, WIA is serving slightly more adults than were served under JTPA. If the adults receiving core services categorized as informational or self-service were counted, WIA may be serving many more adults. However, the reliance on training has decreased substantially due to the broader range of services the WIA is intended to provide.

  4. Service Levels for Dislocated Workers. The chart below shows trends in the number of dislocated worker exiters and trainees from PY 1998 to PY 2001.

    chart shows Dislocated Worker Exiters and Trainees for the Job Training Partnership Act for Program Year 1998 and Title I of the Workforce Investment Act for Program Years 2000 and 2001

      JTPA PY 1998 WIA PY 2000 WIA PY 2001
    Total Exiters 240,896 99,611 129,969
    Core Services Only   10,840 17,777
    Intensive Services 91,697 29,241 46,000
    Training 149,199 59,530 66,192

    The data in the chart assume that dislocated workers who received basic readjustment services, but not training, under JTPA, received services comparable to intensive services under WIA. The WIA data do not include individuals who received only core services categorized as self-service or informational.

    The data in the chart show:

  5. Action Required. Please make this information available to appropriate program staff.

  6. Inquiries Questions regarding this information should be directed to ETA’s Performance and Results Office at 202-693-3031.

 


[1] WIA and JTPA "exiters" are individuals who are no longer receiving planned employment or training services funded by WIA or JTPA.

[2] PY 1999 is not shown in the chart because several states implemented WIA early, in PY 1999, while the majority of states did not implement WIA until PY 2000.